policy issues

European Union

European Union

In 2013, the United States began negotiating the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (T-TIP) with the European Union, intending to sway the EU toward greater acceptance of science-based risk management regulations and provide a mechanism to hold them to it. In 2017, Donald Trump became the 45th president of the United States, effectively changing U.S. trade policy and with it, negotiations of the T-TIP with the EU halted. Hope for revitalizing negotiations between the United States and the EU came again in 2018 when both countries notified their intentions of negotiating a trade agreement with each other. However, the EU’s negotiating objectives for such an agreement omitted agriculture altogether.

Exports of U.S. feed products to the EU-27 have been trending upwards, standing at over $632.9 million in 2019, but the market share for these products has not. This is due to a number of trade barriers, including unscientific bans on feed ingredients, arduous product specification requirements that do not benefit the health and safety of animals or people and slow biotech approvals, to name a few. The AFIA would like to see a free trade agreement with the EU that is “full in scope,” including agriculture, and that supports risk-based regulations and decision-making and the removal of tariffs, leveling the playing field for U.S. animal food manufacturers to compete in this market.

U.S. Exports to EU-27-by Country (in 1,000 dollars)

Country 2016 2017 2018 2019
Austria 3,793 6,608 2,075 2,230
Austria 3,793 6,508 2,075 2,230
Belgium 143,955 160,686 128,368 79,608
Bulgaria 407 148 245 243
Croatia 4,994 4,014 391 390
Cyprus 398 438 2,368 441
Czech Republic 695 858 1,179 1,723
Denmark 18,392 18,299 40,868 21,950
Estonia 12 - - -
Finland 4,483 4,389 3,312 888
France 5,958 5,743 13,995 5,721
Germany 81,430 54,892 67,818 72,196
Hungary 405 421 902 1,173
Ireland 129,702 132,694 239,703 139,238
Italy 9,563 8,069 57,090 46,722
Latvia 632 604 459 616
Lithuania 185 420 238 324
Luxembourg 1,329 310 53 475
Malta 6 12 15 -
Netherlands 68,304 75,691 96,225 107,821
Poland 12,806 10,017 29,166 46,055
Portugal 20,514 23,840 38,875 11,915
Romania 903 8,992 17,836 16,744
Slovakia 58 12 173 8
Slovenia 507 498 494 17,168
Spain 73,734 121,976 204,213 56,938
Sweden 2,704 2,601 2,034 2,305
Grand Total 585,871 642,130 948,095 632,892

Source: Dataweb-USITC

U.S. Exports to EU-27- by Category (in 1,000 dollars)

Country 2016 2017 2018 2019
Alfalfa/Hay 5,379 3,532 >4,347 7,244
Animal or vegetable fats and Oils >82,186 82,036 73,936 72,243
Corn Co-Products 155,899 186,172 247,079/td> 152,134
Dairy Feed 599 1,171 656 1,072
Flours, meals and pellets of fish 10,864 838 27,922 17,555
Flours, meals and pellets of meat 14,245 2,879 160 194
Livestock Feeds 83,769 107,522 68,901 4,401
Milk Replacers 750 312 61 433
Other Feed Products 85,790 97,689 122,052 102,645
Pet Food 65,664 >64,038 65,888 74,218
Poultry Feeds 15,650 2,958 2,474 -
SBM 65,077 92,985 334,620 200,755
Grand Total 585,871 642,130 948,095 632,892

Source: Dataweb-USITC